Palaeogeographical Reconstruction and Palaeo-Hazards

Description

Geoarchaeology can be defined as the application of geoscience tools to study prehistoric, archaeological and historical periods with methods and techniques focused on anthropogenic contexts. The main objectives are centered on the interactions between humans and their environment in order to reconstruct the complex history of societies through time, and to probe whether ancient urban areas developed in a sustainable way within the environmental limits of local natural resources and the ecosystem’s capacity to respond.

This session aims to introduce the more recent geoarchaeological studies (including surveys and methods techniques) in different Mediterranean environments in order to highlight the geomorphological and ecological processes that result from long-term human occupation. As climate shifts may also have influenced societies, with environmental degradation upsetting the balance between people, their habitat, and the socioeconomic frameworks in which they lived, the outcomes of climate impact cannot be neglected.

The scope is to explore the geomorphological/ecological responses and feedbacks of human-induced impacts across various Mediterranean environments and different social contexts, considering climate changes as a potential amplifier of the observed processes.

Different questions will be assessed:

  • Is there a global geomorphologic / ecological change represented by human-driven of geomorphic processes? If so, since when? Did human societies leave an imprint in the geological record?
  • Have sediment fluxes and rates of geomorphic evolution changed since ca. 6000 years BP?
  • What kind of feedback mechanisms intensify or weaken interactions between social and environmental changes and geomorphic evolution?
  • How can the imprints of human behavior be separated from natural signals when investigating environmental evolution? How can negative outcomes be mitigated?
  • What was the real impact of the emergence of urban life and the rise of an urban-adapted environment in and beyond city boundaries (including harbor fabric) ?
  • What was the role of climate pressures on cultural evolution? Was it a trigger of changes, an amplifier of turmoil or a process without consequences?

 Conveners

Dr. Christophe Morhange This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Dr. David Kaniewski This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Dr. Anna Karkani This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.