New Technologies in Coastal Research

Description

The coast is one of the most dynamic parts of the earth surface. More than 40% of the European population livesin coastal areas. The coast has most sensitive ecosystems like Mangroves, wetlands, coral reefs, dunes and beaches. Coastal areas play important functions like regulation of water exchange between land and sea, regulation of the chemical composition of sediments and water, storage and recycling of nutrients and human waters, maintenance of biological and genetic diversity, producing space for agriculture, transportation and navigation and providing means of recreation and Tourism. Thereby the coastal landscapes are very dynamic both spatially and temporally. Human interventional to a balanced morphological system have accelerated the changes of the landscape and turned the coastal area into a fragile environment. Coastal geomorphology has undergone rapid and varied changes in response to water level changes including passive inundation, beach ridge formation, barrier lagoon development and coastal erosion. It is time to explore the coastal geomorphological features and to quantify the volumetric changes. We have lot of issues with reference to coastline in various parts of the world. The issues of coastline reflect a delicate balance between erosion and deposition. A coastline responds rapidly to environmental change and is natural for coastlines to change over human time scales of years to decades. The factors controlling coastal morphology such as sea level change, lithology, waves, tides, storms, vegetation etc., are to be focused to assess the coastal areas from different perspectives. There has been a rapid change in the instrumentation available for measuring fluid motion and sediment transport as well as measuring morphological change and this has permitted a focus on studies of morphodynamics. The impact of climate change on coastal vegetation and dune migration are still unclear. Sedimentary coastal landscapes are relatively unstable. Now several arguments to illustrate some of the problems facing planners and engineers i.e. should we manage the coast? The several parts of the coastline in the world are suffering coastal erosion. The coast of erosion is high as farmed land is lost and properly damaged. Now we require a holistic look and approach on coastal geomorphological changes due to several factors and also decisions over coastal management are rarely clear-cut.

 Session Chairs

Dr. Stefano Furlani This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
Dr. Giovanni Scicchitano This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
MSc Vasilis Kotinas This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.